Mode Option In Webpack Configuration

Last updated on 12 Mar, 2022

One of the configuration options accepted by Webpack is mode. It can have one of the three values.

  1. development
  2. production
  3. none

Webpack generates the bundle in different ways based on the mode type. In development mode, the bundle will be more verbose with comments. In production mode, Webpack does everything to use the bundle for production. It includes minification of the bundle file and other optimizations.

Default value of mode is production.

Setting Mode

In webpack.config.js, we can set bundling mode as shown below.

module.exports = {
  mode: "development",

We can also pass the mode using command line flags.

webpack --mode=development

Bundle modes

Let us create a small index.js file under ./src folder. Fill it with below content.

console.log("Hello world");

Now let us see, how the output bundle looks like in different modes.

Development mode

Here is the output bundle in development mode.

Development Mode

As we can see, the generated bundle contains lot of comments. We can also see the console.log statement, along with an indicator to original source file.

Production mode

Here is the generated bundle in production mode.

Production Mode

Webpack does not insert anything extra in production mode, just the code that is required.

None mode

By specifying none for mode, we are opting out of any optimizations. In our case, the output bundle file looks like below in none mode.

None mode
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Joby Joseph
Web Architect