Entry Option In Webpack Configuration

Published on 7 Mar, 2022

Webpack is like a secret agent who enters into a building through the main door and then go deep inside through inner doors. Once the agent comes out, he has all the links in his head as a dependency graph. Based on that graph, he creates a bundle file.

We can configure how Webpack works by passing a set of predefined options. One such option is entry. The entry option tells webpack, which module to start with to generate the dependency graph.

The default value of entry is ./src/index.js.

We can pass the entry option to webpack in multiple ways.

Single Entry Syntax

If we want webpack to start bundling from ./src/app.js, we can set the webpack.config.js file as:

module.exports = {
  entry: "./src/app.js",
};

Multi-Main Entry

The entry option can accept an array of files.

// first.js
console.log("I am first");

// second.js
console.log("I am second");

// webpack.config.js
module.exports = {
  entry: ["./src/first.js", "./src/second.js"],
};

Here the contents from first.js are first added to bundle. Next, contents from second.js are appended to the bundle.

Here is the generated bundle file. If we look closely, we can see the two console log statements from both JavaScript files.

Multi Main Entry

Object Syntax

In the previous section, the two input files are combined to a single bundle. Now, there is an object syntax way using which we can mention webpack entry.

module.exports = {
  entry: {
    firstApp: "./src/first.js",
    secondApp: "./src/second.js",
  },
};

In this syntax, for each object keys, a bundle is formed. In our case, there are two keys: firstApp and secondApp. Due to which, after webpack build, dist folder will contain two bundle files, firstApp.js and secondApp.js.

Object entry output

One use case of object syntax is to separate all of the custom logic and all of the vendor JavaScript. Since the vendor JavaScript bundle will not change frequently, that can be effectively cached.