SOLVED: Refused to connect to URL because it violates the following content security policy directive: 'connect-src none'

Last updated on 29 Aug, 2022

Last day, while working on my client project, all of a sudden I saw a new error in console, at least for me it was new. It said "Refused to connect to URL because it violates the following content security policy directive: 'connect-src none'".

I tried to understand it by creating a POC.

First of all connect-src none is a new way to bring more security to web pages. It is part of the new Content-Security-Policy HTTP response header. Using this new header, we can declaratively bring different levels of security.

We can try Content-Security-Policy either through HTTP response header or by placing meta tag in the page.

I tried using meta tag.

Connect-src Demo

Our aim is to restrict a web page from making AJAX calls.

For that, create a web page index.html. Add the below meta tag in the page.

<meta http-equiv="Content-Security-Policy" content="connect-src 'none'" />

Next, we place a fetch request in the page:

fetch("http://127.0.0.1:5500/data.json")
  .then((response) => response.json())
  .then((data) => console.log(data));

Note that my data.json is in my same server. When I run my page, I will see below error in console:

Refused to connect to 'http://127.0.0.1:5500/data.json' because it violates the following Content Security Policy directive: "connect-src 'none'".

That means, since I set the value of connect-src to none, no fetch call can happen from the page.

Now let us change the value of none to self.

<meta http-equiv="Content-Security-Policy" content="connect-src 'self'" />

Now I could see the JSON data. Now let us change the API url to an external open API.

fetch("https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos")
  .then((response) => response.json())
  .then((data) => console.log(data));

It now throws below error in console.

Refused to connect to 'https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/todos' because it violates the following Content Security Policy directive: "connect-src 'self'".

That means, if the value of connect-src is self, a fetch call will work only if the domains are same.

You can read more about Content Security Policy and its browser support here.

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